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tv   Documentary  RT  August 24, 2013 4:29am-5:01am EDT

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that maybe is for the greater good the church childfree but that's just my opinion . choose your language. make of it oh and if they still. choose to use the consensus you can. choose the opinions that invigorating to. choose the stories that impact your life choose the access to your office. hello and welcome to technology all bates on today's show we learn how to cook the
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sollie brown i'd like hot my food water. design classic still has room for improvements. on how to recycle tires and improve roads in one fell swoop. but first we're all familiar with the lengthy security procedures to airports where we recently found out that the technology that keeps us all safe can also be used to put a smile on a girl's face. one tank diamonds a prize the pulled over for their astounding physical properties and takes there also it kills best friend also the song goes and no matter where you'll the queen of england with her crown jewels or you prefer something more subtle one thing is true the larger the diamond the rarer it is and the more it's worth that's why bush and diamond producer struck up an online partnership with a company specializing in explosive detective neutron technologies is located a two hour drive and allegedly fight right outside of moscow in the trunk full of not the tone doesn't look much like
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a scientific poll but appearances compete to see ving we've come to the joint institute for nuclear research institute currently unites eighteen countries and seven labs carrying out pioneering research in particle physics. and this is where the much of coppens hidden away behind these radiation proof doors lies a hive of innovation and the home of neutron technologies which was founded in part by the nuclear research institute the explosive and narcotics to take to spot used here using airports train stations as well as by the russian security services one of the latest developments is this mo body text for use in the field the device can identify the chemical. makeup of any objects located in anything from a cardboard box filled to thirty centimeters of solid concrete all of which is thanks to the compact neutral emits inside. this is the heart of our unit the neutron accelerator and will say it's only thirty centimeters tall and weighs only eight kilograms which is a dramatic reduction compared to last centuries accelerators which were six stories
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tall yet it generates the same number of neutrons fifty million a second and on top of that it has a built in alpha detector. which allows us to track the tag being served see how much progress has been made thanks to the research and development of the past fifty years before me but not. the main components of the device or the neutron generator alpha detector tritium targets and gamma detector the device works by admitting to trying particles when the hits the tritium could be misplaced into alpha neutron particles the neutrons penetrate the objects in question while the alpha detector is responsible for determining the location of any dangerous substances the neutrons excited nuclei of the atoms they hit causing them to give off gamma rays which are then to detect the energy of the cameras his unique elements which allows the substance to be determined based on its elemental composition this method offers many advantages over x.
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rays which can misidentify system and gas attacks as which don't wear the suit of objects the laser great on the phones to detect it corresponds with a neutron themes allowing you to target the objects computer ten process is the information received by the detector and identifies any potentially hazardous materials on their location. in addition to the mobile detector the company has designed a device for inspecting vehicles another for shipping containers and an underwater device for examining unexploded torpedoes and mines all of the detectors can identifiable to thirty types of explosives and be operated at a safe distance while a computer program takes care of the number can. to get to the bottom of the matter that's way over two hundred thousand dollars the devices don't come cheap so he better to foot the bill the russian diamond joint which is having problems of its own them but this unit has been set up to see whether we can detect a large valuable diamond within a lump of kimberlite without having to crush. if there was
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a large diameter of the or was ground down first the way it usually is the shattered diamond loses a lot of its value so if we were able to detect a large valuable diamonds in the or it would offer a really good return on investment since such large diamonds are quite rare very lucrative. following the request of the scientist settled face rig to see if their technology could be applied to the diamond industry then sent fifty kilograms of kimberlite rock samples which is the best source of priming times for the company to try out its detection system after hours of testing neutron technology is finally struck gold story diamond the next step is for the detect to be upscale so it can pick up the rocks containing larger diamonds on the conveyor before the destroyed. this video because. we did indeed find diamonds inside the door and we're planning to continue testing this method next year and then to make
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improvements to the detecting device in cooperation with neutron technologies when you are planning to use this method for the detection of large diamonds in the kimberlite extracted from the mirror and international new mines. will be focusing on the largest size segment five carrots and above it would have to wish. the theory of using this technology has been proven. scott says the practical side of implementing it on an industrial scale neutron technologist can reduce the time it takes to detect diamonds i'm sure the companies will have a bright future together. only will it lead to increased profits and open up a whole new market for neutron technologies but also puts a smile in the face of many this is a place of wonder and beauty rolling hills and lush forests and as you just seen there are many treasures hidden out of reach but you don't always need explosives to get them. brains over brawn. the liquid gold that makes the world go round
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with altitudes we're going to slow and painful holds fortunately oil supplies are on depleted quite yet but the bad news is that easily extractable sources all running out so we demand for oil higher than ever engineers have been forced to look for new ways to get to the black store and keep the world spinning on its axis oil and gas deposits can be located on to anything from lays of something clay to solid rocks like granites them fossil to so oil companies need to drill that can make short work of anything that gets in its way there are currently three main types of drill bits the tri control which is made up of three spikes role is the fixed which often has diamond edges and works by scraping away the rock below and the turbo job which spins much faster than the other and requires less downward force unfortunately diamonds on forever and all the drill bits wear out and have to be replaced which can be both costly and time consuming this combined with the increasingly complex nature of drilling means that traditional methods are being
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pushed to the limits. the institutes of high technology physics in thomas has a laboratory that specializes in through solid rock with high power electrical sparks the first experiments were conducted way back in the sixty's when the theory of using electrical pulses to drill through books was tested results were impressive but the technology the time did not allow for the idea to take in perth now the university has a prototype device to off as many advantages over traditional drilling methods. and the advantage of the high voltage electrical impulse method is that we use. ordinary steel. while and yet the model we don't use any alloy great or diamond our spark or discharge method makes the very expensive material secure redundant. and this is how it works a generator produces electricity which is then stored in the passages and that's the drill the drill bit itself has one electrode in the sense that surrounded by in
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a rate above the electrodes when they come into contact with the ball the potential difference between them it's a powerful spot which troubles through the rock bottom like a micro explosion causing bits to break away the dead piece then carried back to the surface with a liquid form the size of the points can be controlled by adjusting the distance between the electrodes the drills ability to make short work of solid blocks even short attention from the super bowl not the field with the. norwegian companies like oil the total construction for. you know drill from the university of trondheim have supported our work in developing this new technology akin to what we have supplied them with a submersible high voltage impulse generator with which to drill an experimental well in granite rock so that we can investigate the potential of this technology in the fields in the world if. our devices of great interest to total engineers and of
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course great interest to oil companies use possible would be the potential of mechanical drilling methods if we do either with diamond heads or with load of bits has been almost fully exhausted wizzard fuel for morton and this is why every company is now looking for a new method. no new technology to ensure a fast boring speed especially through hard rocks like granite even the commute. the drilling speed is determined by the size of the truck was produced so in general the bigger the better however if the phones become too large the phone system may have trouble removing them from the whole by controlling the energy produced by the generator the distance between the electrodes and frequency of the electric pulse is the ultimate speed be achieved so who knows if more major oil plays see the benefits of this technology we may soon have the bright spots in
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times to thank for keeping the world in motion. just the end of the first ha so don't reach the remote see you after the break. dramas that can't be ignored. stories others refuse to notice. the faces changing the world right now. the picture of today's leaves. from around the globe. dropped. to fifty there's a medium leave us so we leave the baby. by the sea potion security for your party
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there's a goal. for shoes that no one is asking with the guests that you deserve answers from it's all on politicking only on r t. the interview. appealed to. zach say what happened that day i don't know yeah killed. piers later is when i got
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arrested for. for a crime i did not do. we have numerous cases where police officers lie about polygraph results. innocent people to consent to the police officers don't beat people anymore i mean it just doesn't happen really. in the course of interrogation why because there's been this is like meant no because the psychological techniques are more effective in obtaining confessions than physical abuse and they were taking they could get what they wanted they could say what they wanted and there was no evidence of what they did or what they said.
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welcome back before we look ahead to the future technology let's take a quick little buck at this month's news. bites the radio telescope. region has been overhauled as part of the project. plan it is a joint mission between the european space agency and. the russian ministry of defense held an innovation. over one thousand applications with. one of the two hundred sixty stuns available at the exhibition. university students and representatives from. the opportunity to demonstrate to the. seal of approval to the redesigned military fatigues. shortly one of the highlights
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was the moscow state university. one hundred kilograms with ease. the ministry plans to hold it every six months. at the beginning of the month. with. its next year. with conditioning and facilities for disabled passengers. will be twenty two percent cheaper. two thousand and thirteen competition held in san diego idea of the competition is for competitors to design and build. capable of fulfilling specific. competitors from all around the world with a three thousand dollar price some. time while all this prefer something just
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a little bit more extreme the parachute. safety most important. is the still room for improvement. still to find. the modern power she was invented at the end of the eighteenth century in france now it can be found in all its various incarnations in the military spacial tolls and one was even used to help on the curiosity rover mas. popular among the journalling junkies looking to get their fix although i would describe myself as a fan of extreme sports i have always wanted to try parachuting was having witnessed this unlucky car she's take a hard landing i started to have second thoughts so it looks like it's back to the drawing board for the partial to the scientific research institute of our ship design computer which moscow founded in one thousand nine hundred forty six the institute is part of aviation we've been holding which is the main development for
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to ship partially to russia it is one of only a few companies in the world that carries out the full range of parts youth development. institutes conduct research development and production as well as ground and flight sets of all these partially systems they base era job. we were lucky enough to cut to one of the research institutes karshi test as well a little longer of course here on the field we have all the right conditions flat surface things like that and in reality those soldiers have to land on various different terrains you but them and they'll have to have time to maneuver so that they can lead safely. billeted in maneuver people and the horizontal speed of a parachute the paramount importance for descending and of course especially for landing using these i'm going to come dishes a partially just have to jump in not to mention all the equipment they carry i mean it's a special approach has to be taken when designing parsis for use by the military today the design institute was testing one of its latest developments the deets
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well beastie the details. are sheep produced by the russian airborne troops the lease to still be subject to precarious testing but is expected to enter into service by the end of the year it's capable of carrying up to one point. sixty kilograms at the speed of four point five new to the second the spare parts should be stored in the back leaving room for detachable of people to take the front which helped take some of the weights off when one day we went back to moscow to learn about the evolution and benefits of this part of. the boat gives you an idea of the evolution of the parachute design over the decades they have been used in the army . here's the six model that developed in the soviet union in the mid seventy's. basically featured a circular canopy with steering belts and a top of engine and apex. that was the shape of a hemisphere in profile thanks to the courts. but with the new developments in the
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aviation industry and the increased need for a mess of a drugs we had to invent a new design and we could deal with midair collisions better between parachutist that's held the detainee shoot. one of the industry continue to push book even heavier capacity better maneuverability and improve safety when landing in very strong winds i believe. the only requirement was to keep the same size and weight of the chute. will be here. it is. the d. twelve has proven to be the perfect solution thanks to its unique design and canopy shape and the fact that it's this angle that pushes the chute forward even though it will begin with a. little bit if the tests prove to be successful this new model will replace the previous generation of parachute. or with. the
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institute using the latest in computer design and modeling technologies in addition to the least the institute has made over five thousand different partially types one thousand of which are ventured into mass production. they range from anti spinning cargo chutes to low altitude and rescue power chutes some of them have an area of up to three hundred seventy five meters squared and can carry up to twenty tons. dealt the computer design is then sent to this factory to be turned into reality. in addition to this production facility the institute also has research engineering and technology schools over generations the institute has accumulated a wealth of knowledge and expertise which allows it to create such a diverse range of parachutes advances in materials mean parachutes can be more compact enjoyable than ever in addition we use new materials in parachute construction but in the post this is our chutes were made from nylon fabric no we
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use more modern materials so all this has enabled us to reach our goal of the city armed with this knowledge we return to the airfield in moscow i'm told it jumps up to twenty times a week and it's got to talking down to a t. he can do it in around ten minutes when he's not being distracted by technology they present my experience of the parts you constitutes. restored my faith in the safety of the sport and who knows maybe next time i'll be joining these guys in the not too distant future. of four million cars in moscow alone which not only has a negative impact on the capsule's roads but also produces huge amounts of waste tires every year luckily one russian company has a knack for killing two birds with one stone. on something the line. push is scorching summers and bitterly cold winters take a heavy toll on the country's broad base along with the millions of cars and h t d's that pound the surface every day i mean the road repairs and replacements are a constant struggle not only to potholes and trucks represent
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a house it's drivers but they're also a burden on the government's budget so the need to find a type of road service full of better withstanding the daily because of moscow's traffic and weather is pretty clear that's why scientists have been experimented with different ways of modifying both services and testing them with this mobile. one of the most promising technologies involves mixing old tire rubber into the else fold mixture. the practice of using rubber eyes asphalt was pioneered in arizona in the mid one nine hundred sixty s. with limited success while the rubberized road service offered a number of advantages over previous technologies the relatively large chunks of rubber and gravel used were prone to coming loose and damaging cars so the project was abundant in one thousand nine hundred nine. it always starts with old non-recyclable car tires go by leaving them all around the place people do harm to the environment the problem is you can't burn these ties put them in landfill sites traditionally this kind of waste has been used in construction or road building so
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we would do. in recycling technology mean that their own more and more large scale uses for all tires this type of processing putting check of is responsible for recycling some of the estimated one hundred twenty five thousand tons of worn out tires discarded by the capitol every year old size of first shredded and then the fiber and steel components are separated and sent for further processing the remaining wilbur is think ground down to produce tire chrome which can then be used to produce even more tie is create safe playground services as well as a whole range of other applications one of the biggest consumers of type from however is unicom which specializes in producing a super fine but powder for use in rope instruction unicom be sponsored nano technology company bus nano this lab in podolski is where you can carries out much peace road surface research here the stuff child various combinations and ratios of materials to trying to attain the ideal road surface in general roads are made up of gravel and sun although pitchman has been successfully used in roads for almost
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two centuries there is still room for improvement and this is where unicom stands out from the rest. unicom which stands for universal compazine materials produces a fine powder the be. anything else in the markets hands down. some would say you can take any robot powder. but that's not true so what you need to make it work is a physical and chemical reaction between the big human and whatever powder you have . the extent to which the power to react is determined by the area of the powder in contact with the bitumen you were poor shoe. laces be the one despite being very fine the more tired from lax the surface area to react completely with the pitchmen always still improves the road surface the full potential the rubber has not been unlocked the cauliflower like surface of the nano part of produced by unicom means
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that just one gram of it has a surface area of up to five thousand sets me to square. however none of this would be possible were it not for the work of the team nikolski at the same institute of chemical physics in moscow the team discovered even to his own surprise it is certain temperatures proper and plastics substances can be ground down to a very fine powder which led to the development of this machine we're the only ones in the world to use the dry method if you take the mix of making mixed asphalt concrete with and put the required amount of tire powder in it you know this method. amounts of time. before the invention of the share in juice grinding machine builders had to use the so-called wet method of adding the robot to the pitchman this involved heating the mixture for a day which is what is required excessive amounts of energy and time to cause the
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pitchman itself to deteriorate it's no wonder then that other countries are trying to follow suit which with around fifty peyton somebody machine it might take them a while. forty despite our best efforts when machine parts. but into the studio to show you exactly how it works. and here it is. now the only main difference to an industrial version the prototype is the size the principle is exactly the same two finals at either end and archimedes screen compression zone and cooling section don't shut its highs effect into this funnel the screw them pushes them towards the stopper as more and more bits of tire build up the pressure increases the friction creates a cause attempted to rise to about one hundred seventy five degrees c. at which point the tie begins disintegrates and see through the tiny gap between the two sections the fine tire part is then cooled and comes out the front of the end and bob's your uncle that size ready to hit the roads the institute in moscow
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was originally created for studying the processes that occur in nuclear weapons but in one nine hundred fifty eight the specialist working that turned their attention to chemical reactions in creating new synthetic materials but the name studied the properties of these materials and developed instruments for examining the structure the prototype for producing the nano powder was created in one nine hundred eighty one and laid the foundation for today's industrial machines. we started using these powders very successfully. but because of the positive properties you feel boys. will feel the materials if you modify your tire like you do you are very stable. structure doesn't change time little fool people so like you know they can be used is decades if you will never properties would remain practically unchangeable. and the benefits don't end there it's also offers better
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groups of vehicles reduce noise levels as well as increased resistance to rotting in cracking in addition to all the safety and economic benefits it also provides the perfect solution to the world's growing tide disposal problem but i bet these workers are just glad to. they won't have to do this section of road again for another couple of decades i'm afraid that's all for today but with hope and using creasing throughout the world i'm sure more of you will enjoy the ride. believe. me if you need to review economic up and downs in the final months day belong to the new york sang and the rest of the life until you meet a female be
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a briefly on stage play. please. play. play play.
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i thought. right to see. the. first strike. and i think you're. on our reporters. in. the in the.
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helping the n.s.a. spy on millions of people has certainly paid off well for the global web. according to the latest. beefing up of the u.s. navy presence in the mediterranean it fears of an american intervention into syria . over the latest alleged chemical attack in the country. and germany's giving chance to move to the next level for the country to recognize the virtual currency.

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